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Patent

  1. Avancerad patentsökning
PublikationsnummerWO2001030433 A1
Typ av kungörelseAnsökan
AnsökningsnummerPCT/NZ2000/000210
Publiceringsdatum3 maj 2001
Registreringsdatum26 okt 2000
Prioritetsdatum26 okt 1999
Även publicerat somEP1231969A1
PublikationsnummerPCT/2000/210, PCT/NZ/0/000210, PCT/NZ/0/00210, PCT/NZ/2000/000210, PCT/NZ/2000/00210, PCT/NZ0/000210, PCT/NZ0/00210, PCT/NZ0000210, PCT/NZ000210, PCT/NZ2000/000210, PCT/NZ2000/00210, PCT/NZ2000000210, PCT/NZ200000210, WO 0130433 A1, WO 0130433A1, WO 2001/030433 A1, WO 2001030433 A1, WO 2001030433A1, WO-A1-0130433, WO-A1-2001030433, WO0130433 A1, WO0130433A1, WO2001/030433A1, WO2001030433 A1, WO2001030433A1
UppfinnareMark Wilson Ian Webster
SökandeMark Wilson Ian Webster
Exportera citatBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Externa länkar:  Patentscope, Espacenet
A guidewire positioning device
WO 2001030433 A1
Sammanfattning
A device (1) for facilitating the delivery of components along guidewires to branches of a tubular system. The device has particular application for the percutaneous treatment of vascular and non-vascular disease, and more specifically for balloon angioplasty or the deployment of stents. The device includes a shaft (3) and two or more guidewire lumina (4, 5) interconnected to and parallel to one another, each lumen having an open distal end and an open proximal end on the shaft (3). In a preferred form the device includes a manipulation aid (2) at a proximal end of the shaft (3) which can engage one of the guidewires (6), and which facilitates rotation of the device. The invention also includes a method of positioning guidewires for the subsequent delivery of components such as stents to lesions at a bifurcation, using the guidewire positioning device.
Anspråk  (OCR-text kan innehålla fel)
1 . A guidewire positioning device for facilitating the delivery of components along guidewires to two or more branches of a tubular system, said device including a shaft and two or more guidewire lumina interconnected to and parallel to one another, each said lumen having an open distal end and an open proximal end on said shaft.
2. A guidewire positioning device according to claim 1 wherein the tubular system is a vascular system and the device is adapted for facilitating the delivery of components used in the management of vascular disease.
3. A guidewire positioning device according to claim 2 for the delivery of stents to lesions at a bifurcation.
4. A guidewire positioning device according to any one of claims 1 to 3 including a first guidewire lumen and a second guidewire lumen.
5. A guidewire positioning device according to claim 4 wherein the distal end of the first guidewire lumen is distal of the distal end of the second guidewire lumen.
6. A guidewire positioning device according to any one of claims 1 to 5 wherein the distal end of the second guidewire lumen has an oblique bevelled shape.
7. A guidewire positioning device according to claim 6 wherein the distal end of the first guidewire lumen has an oblique bevelled shape oppositely angled to that of the second guidewire lumen.
8. A guidewire positioning device according to any one of claims 4 to 7 wherein the proximal end of the first guidewire lumen is proximal of the proximal end of the second guidewire lumen.
9. A guidewire positioning device according to any one of claims 4 to 8 further including a manipulation aid at a proximal end of said shaft.
10. A guidewire positioning device according to claim 9 wherein the manipulation aid further includes a guidewire engagement means.
1 1 . A guidewire positioning device according to either claim 9 or claim 10 wherein the manipulation aid is a longitudinally enlarged hub.
1 2. A guidewire positioning device according to claim 1 1 wherein the guidewire engagement means is a longitudinal slot in said hub.
13. A guidewire positioning device according to any one of claims 4 to 1 2 wherein each guidewire lumen includes a radio-opaque marker at or adjacent its distal end.
14. A guidewire positioning device according to claim 1 3 wherein the radio-opaque marker on either or both guidewire lumen is asymmetrical.
1 5. A guidewire positioning device according to any one of claims 1 to 14 wherein the device is integrally formed from plastics material.
6. A method of positioning guidewires for the delivery of components to two or more branches of a tubular system, the method including the steps of: engaging a first guidewire on a first guidewire lumen of a guidewire positioning device, before or after advancing the first guidewire along the tubular system and into a first branch; advancing one or more further guidewires along one or more further guidewire lumen, interconnected to and parallel to the first guidewire lumen, of the guidewire positioning device, to a distal end of said further guidewire lumen; advancing the guidewire positioning device, with the engaged further guidewire or guidewires, along the first guidewire by means of a shaft of the guidewire positioning device, until said distal end of the or each further guidewire lumen is adjacent the branching of the tubular system; rotating the shaft of the guidewire positioning device so that the distal end of the or each further guidewire lumen is adjacent a second branch of the tubular system; and advancing the, or one of the, further guidewires into the second branch.
7. A method according to claim 1 6 wherein the guidewire positioning device further includes a manipulating aid, and rotation of the shaft is facilitated by this manipulating aid.
8. A method according to either claim 1 6 or claim 1 7 further including securing a proximal end of the or each further guidewire to the guidewire positioning device prior to advancing the guidewire positioning device along the first guidewire.
1 9. A method according to any one of claims 1 6 to 1 8 further including the step of monitoring the position of the distal end of the or each further guidewire lumen in the tubular system by having identification means at this distal end.
20. A method according to claim 1 9 wherein the identifying means includes a radio-opaque marker on said distal end.
21 . A method of treating a lesion of lesions at a bifurcation in a blood vessel, said method including the steps of: engaging a first guidewire on a first guidewire lumen of a guidewire positioning device, before or after advancing the first guidewire along the blood vessel and into one down stream branch vessel; advancing a second guidewire to a distal end of a second guidewire lumen, interconnected to and parallel to the first guidewire lumen, of the guidewire positioning device; securing the second guidewire in relation to the guidewire positioning device; advancing the guidewire positioning device, with the secured second guidewire, along the first guidewire by means of a shaft of the guidewire positioning device until the distal end of the second guidewire lumen is at the bifurcation; rotating the guidewire positioning device, if necessary, to align the distal end of the second guidewire lumen with the second branch vessel; advancing the second guidewire into the second branch vessel; withdrawing the guidewire positioning device along both the first and second guidewires; and - advancing a stent or angioplasty balloon along one or each guidewire to treat a lesion at the bifurcation.
22. A method according to claim 21 wherein the first guidewire lumen has a distal end distal of the distal end of the second guidewire lumen, and wherein the guidewire positioning device is advanced along the blood vessel until the distal end of the first guidewire lumen is positioned within the first branch vessel.
23. A method according to either claim 21 or claim 22 further including monitoring the position of distal end of the second guidewire lumen by having identification means at this distal end.
24. A method according to claim 23 further including monitoring the position of the distal end of the first guidewire lumen having identification means at this distal end.
25. A method according to either claim 23 or claim 24 wherein the or each identification means includes a radio-opaque marker, and the positions are monitored by fluoroscopy.
26. A guidewire positioning device substantially as herein described and with reference with to the accompanying drawings.
27. A method of positioning guidewires for the delivery of components to two or more branches of a tubular system substantially as herein described and with reference to the accompanying drawings.
28. A method of treating a vascular lesion at a bifurcation using a guidewire positioning device according to any one of claims 1 - 1 5.
29. A method of treating a vascular lesion at a bifurcation substantially as herein described and with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Beskrivning  (OCR-text kan innehålla fel)

A GUIDEWIRE POSITIONING DEVICE

Technical Field

This invention relates to a method and device for facilitating the delivery of components along guidewires to branches of a tubular system. It has particular application for the percutaneous treatment of vascular and non-vascular disease, and in particular in the use of balloon angioplasty and for the deployment of balloon-expanded or self- expanding stents.

Background

Balloon angioplasty or deployment of stents for lesions at a bifurcation may require that the component (balloon angioplasty or stent) be advanced into position over two guidewires, each of which is positioned in a separate downstream branch vessel. It is important that, when the guidewires are positioned prior to the component delivery, the guidewires do not become entangled or wrapped around each other.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a guidewire positioning device, method of positioning guidewires and method of delivering components to branch vessels which reduces or overcomes the abovementioned problem, or which at least provides the public with a useful alternative.

It is to be appreciated, however, that the invention is not restricted to application for the treatment or management of vascular disease. It could also have application in non-vascular disease in situations where components need to be positioned in branched vessels along guidewires, or indeed in the delivery of components to branched vessels of any tubular system. Other objects of the invention may become apparent from the following description which is included by way of example only.

Summary of the Invention

According to one aspect of the present invention there is provided a guidewire positioning device for facilitating the delivery of components along guidewires to two or more branches of a tubular system, said device including a shaft and two or more guidewire lumina interconnected to and parallel to one another, each said lumen having an open distal end and an open proximal end on said shaft.

Preferably, the tubular system may be a vascular system and the device may be adapted for facilitating the delivery of components used in the management of vascular disease.

Preferably, the device may be adapted for the delivery of stents to lesions at a bifurcation.

According to a further aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of positioning guidewires for the delivery of components to two or more branches of a tubular system the method including the steps of: engaging a first guidewire through a first guidewire lumen of a guidewire positioning device, before or after advancing the first guidewire along the tubular system and into a first branch; advancing one or more further guidewires along one or more further guidewire lumen, interconnected to and parallel to the first guidewire lumen, of the guidewire positioning device, to a distal end of said further guidewire lumen; advancing the guidewire positioning device, with the engaged further guidewire or guidewires, along the first guidewire by means of a shaft of the guidewire positioning device, until said distal end of the or each further guidewire lumen is adjacent the branching of the tubular system; rotating the shaft of the guidewire positioning device so that the distal end of the or each further guidewire lumen is adjacent a second branch of the tubular system; and advancing the, or one of the, further guidewires into the second branch.

According to a further aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of treating a lesion of lesions at a bifurcation in a blood vessel, said method including the steps of: engaging a first guidewire on a first guidewire lumen of a guidewire positioning device, before or after advancing the first guidewire along the blood vessel and into one down stream branch vessel; advancing a second guidewire to a distal end of a second guidewire lumen, interconnected to and parallel to the first guidewire lumen, of the guidewire positioning device; - securing the second guidewire in relation to the guidewire positioning device; advancing the guidewire positioning device, with the secured second guidewire, along the first guidewire by means of a shaft of the guidewire positioning device until the distal end of the second guidewire lumen is at the bifurcation; rotating the guidewire positioning device, if necessary, to align the distal end of the second guidewire lumen with the second branch vessel; advancing the second guidewire into the second branch vessel; withdrawing the guidewire positioning device along both the first and second guidewires; and advancing a stent or angioplasty balloon along one or each guidewire to treat a lesion at the bifurcation.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Figure 1 : Shows a longitudinal section of a guidewire positioning device of the invention in one preferred form;

Figure 2: shows a perspective view of the device of Figure 1 with a guidewire engaged in the second lumen;

Figure 3: shows an enlarged longitudinal section of the distal end of the device of Figure 2;

Figure 4: shows longitudinal sections of alternative configurations of the joins between the shaft and the two guidewire lumina of a guidewire positioning device of the invention; and

Figure 5: shows a cross section through the manipulation aid of the device of Figures 1 and 2, in one preferred form. Detailed Description of the Invention

The invention will now be described by reference to the preferred embodiment for use in the management of vascular disease. However, as indicated above, it is to be appreciated that the invention is not restricted to such an application, there being other applications both in medicine and elsewhere, where the accurate positioning of components in vessels, tubes or pipes including bifurcations or multiple branches is important but difficult, and where the use of guidewires would be helpful providing that the risk of wrapping or entanglement of the guidewires could be avoided.

With reference to Figures 1 and 2, a guidewire positioning device 1 of the invention has two guidewire lumen which are interconnected to one another and parallel. The first guidewire lumen 4 has an open distal end 1 5 and an open proximal end 1 6. Similarly, the second guidewire lumen 5 has an open distal end 1 7 and open proximal 1 8. A radio- opaque marker 8, 9 may be positioned at or close to the distal end 1 5, 17 so that the position of the distal ends may be determined through fluoroscopy.

The second guidewire lumen 5 may have a distal end 1 7 a short distance (approximately 1 0mm) proximal to the distal end 1 5 of the first guidewire lumen 4. Alternatively, the second guidewire lumen 5 might extend to the distal end 1 5 of the first guidewire lumen 4, or it may end distally a considerable distance more than 10mm from the distal end 1 5 of the first guidewire lumen 4.

The distal end 1 7 of the second guidewire lumen 5 may have an oblique bevelled shape 10, as best seen in Figure 3. This shape aids advancement of the guidewire positioning device 1 into position in the vessel, and also aids advancement of a guidewire from the second guidewire lumen 5 into a branch vessel. The radio-opaque marker 9 at or close to the distal end 1 7 of the second guidewire lumen 5 may have a symmetrical or asymmetrical configuration. An asymmetrical shape, as shown in Figure 3, may aid orientation of the second guidewire lumen 5 in the vessel under fluoroscopy.

Proximally, the guidewire lumen may have a double over-the- wire, double monorail, or combination over-the-wire/monorail configuration. A double monorail configuration would require a separate proximal catheter shaft (as in Figures 1 and 2) . At the proximal end of this shaft 3 there may be a longitudinally enlarged hub 2, or manipulation aid, to aid catheter manipulation. This hub 2 may have a longitudinal recessed groove 7 into which a guidewire may be positioned, as shown in Figures 2 and 5. Slotting a guidewire 6 in place in this groove 7 holds the guidewire in position in relation to the guidewire positioning device, as the device is advanced, withdrawn or rotated to manipulate the distal end of the device. Figure 5 shows that this groove 7 may include ribbing 1 9 or other means, to grip the guidewire 6.

Whilst the invention is described above by reference to the device including two parallel lumina, it should be appreciated that one or more additional parallel lumina may be included for use in applications where a parent vessel or tube branches into more than two branches or where more than one separate component is required to be delivered to one particular branch.

Figures 1 and 3 show a guidewire positioning device 1 of the invention in a monorail version. The proximal ends 1 6, 1 8 of the guidewire lumina 4, 5 are shown off set in this embodiment, with the proximal end 1 6 of the first guidewire lumen 1 5 proximal of the proximal end 1 8 of the second guidewire lumen 5, consistent with the embodiment of Figure 4B. The embodiment of Figure 4A shows the two proximal ends 1 6, 1 8 at the same proximal position in relation to the shaft 3. Figure 4 also shows of the interconnection between the shaft 3 and the lumina 4, 5. In a preferred form the guidewire positioning device of the invention, including the hub 2, shaft 3 and lumina 4, 5 may be integrally formed from plastics material.

The method of use of the device of the present invention will now be described.

If a double monorail device is used, one method of use, after deployment of the guide catheter, is to advance a first guidewire via the first guidewire lumen 4 and along the guide catheter, across the bifurcation lesion and into one downstream branch vessel. Alternatively the first guidewire may be advanced along the guide catheter first and the first guidewire lumen then engaged on the first guidewire via its proximal end. A second guidewire is then positioned in the second guidewire lumen 5 of the device and advanced until the distal end of the guidewire is close to or adjacent the distal end 1 7 of the second guidewire lumen 5. The proximal portion of the second guidewire is then slotted into the recessed groove 7 in the hub 2 at the proximal end of the catheter shaft 3, to hold that guidewire in position as the guidewire positioning device 1 is subsequently manipulated.

The guidewire positioning device 1 and the second guidewire are then advanced as a unit along the first guidewire already positioned in the vessel. The guidewire positioning device 1 is advanced until the distal end 1 5 of the first guidewire lumen 4 is just beyond the bifurcation" and the distal end 1 7 of the second guidewire lumen 5 is almost at the bifurcation. It will be appreciated that in an embodiment of the device in which the distal ends of the guidewire lumina are adjacent one another then both will be positioned substantially at the bifurcation.

The guidewire positioning device 1 is then rotated by manipulation of the hub 2 so that the bevelled, marked distal end 1 7 of the second guidewire lumen 5 is aligned with the other branch vessel which does not yet have a guidewire. The second guidewire is then released from the hub and steered into the second branched vessel. Once the second guidewire is in position the guidewire positioning device may be withdrawn, with both guidewires kept in position, one in each downstream branch vessel. Angioplasty balloons or stents can then be advanced over one or both guidewires to treat the lesion in the knowledge that the guidewires are not entangled or wrapped around each other.

Thus, the guidewire positioning device 1 of the invention provides a relatively simple device which can be used to facilitate the delivery of guidewires to branched regions of a tubular system, such as blood vessels, to enable the delivery of components required in those branches along the guidewires, without the risk of complications associated with multiple guidewires becoming wrapped or entangled with one another.

Where in the foregoing description reference has been made to specific components or integers of the invention having known equivalents then such equivalents are herein incorporated as if individually set forth.

Although this invention has been described by way of example and with reference to possible embodiments thereof it is to be understood that modifications or improvements may be made thereto without departing from the scope or spirit of the invention.

Citat från patent
citerade patent Registreringsdatum Publiceringsdatum Sökande Titel
WO1999034749A1 *8 jan 199915 jul 1999Mark Wilson Ian WebsterSelf-expanding bifurcation stent and delivery system
EP0897700A1 *4 mar 199824 feb 1999Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Stent and catheter assembly and method for treating bifurcations
US5749825 *18 sep 199612 maj 1998Isostent, Inc.Means method for treatment of stenosed arterial bifurcations
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Klassificeringar
Internationell klassificeringA61M25/09, A61M25/01
Kooperativ klassningA61M25/09, A61M25/013, A61M2025/09116
Europeisk klassificeringA61M25/01C9
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